On Wednesday, the European Union and India failed to defuse a long-running row over two Italian marines accused of murder and the case moved to an international tribunal after four years of diplomatic squabbles.
At a joint summit in Brussels, held after delays imposed by Italy, the Indian Prime Minister Narenda Modi and E.U. leaders maintained their positions over the case.
In 2012, India arrested two Italian marines who were escorting an oil tanker on suspicion of shooting dead two fishermen they mistook for pirates. Though they were not charged, the pair were barred from leaving India.
Massimiliano Latorre was allowed to return home last year for medical treatment but Salvatore Girone has been confined to New Delhi, where he lives at the Italian ambassador’s residence and reports regularly to police.
“The E.U. shares Italy’s concerns to find an expeditious solution for the prolonged restriction of liberty of the two Marines,” said a joint statement issued after the meeting.
“India stressed the need for rendering due justice for the families of the Indian fishermen who were killed,” the document added.
Italy says Girone’s human rights are being violated and has asked the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague to order India to send him home.
But India’s lawyers in the Hague say the delays resulted from Italy’s 2012 move to escalate the affair to international courts rather than letting Indian courts handle it.
“The trial has not commenced due to an obstructive course of action by India,” said Neeru Chadha, India’s lead lawyer. “Italy is now trying to shift the blame onto India.”
Italy maintains both marines were immune to prosecution since they were serving on a U.N.-backed anti-piracy mission and the oil tanker they were escorting was in international waters when it fired on the fishermen.
Italy has paid $190,000 in compensation to each victim’s family.
The E.U. also stated its hope for a swift solution, through the due process of law in India, in the case of Seaman Guard Ohio, which concerns fourteen Estonian and six U.K. citizens sentenced to five-years’ prison by an Indian court.
India hoped the Brussels summit would bring a thaw in ties with the European Union and persuade Italy to refrain from blocking India’s membership in a key global group on missile technology. Rome single-handedly scuppered India’s bid to join last year.
At the summit, the E.U. and India committed to continue talks for a trade and investment deal, and shared common positions on foreign affairs and security issues.